6 January 2016 Computational assessment of visual search strategies in volumetric medical images
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J. of Medical Imaging, 3(1), 015501 (2016). doi:10.1117/1.JMI.3.1.015501
Abstract
When searching through volumetric images [e.g., computed tomography (CT)], radiologists appear to use two different search strategies: “drilling” (restrict eye movements to a small region of the image while quickly scrolling through slices), or “scanning” (search over large areas at a given depth before moving on to the next slice). To computationally identify the type of image information that is used in these two strategies, 23 naïve observers were instructed with either “drilling” or “scanning” when searching for target T’s in 20 volumes of faux lung CTs. We computed saliency maps using both classical two-dimensional (2-D) saliency, and a three-dimensional (3-D) dynamic saliency that captures the characteristics of scrolling through slices. Comparing observers’ gaze distributions with the saliency maps showed that search strategy alters the type of saliency that attracts fixations. Drillers’ fixations aligned better with dynamic saliency and scanners with 2-D saliency. The computed saliency was greater for detected targets than for missed targets. Similar results were observed in data from 19 radiologists who searched five stacks of clinical chest CTs for lung nodules. Dynamic saliency may be superior to the 2-D saliency for detecting targets embedded in volumetric images, and thus “drilling” may be more efficient than “scanning.”
© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Gezheng Wen, Avigael Aizenman, Trafton Drew, Jeremy M. Wolfe, Tamara Miner Haygood, Mia K. Markey, "Computational assessment of visual search strategies in volumetric medical images," Journal of Medical Imaging 3(1), 015501 (6 January 2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JMI.3.1.015501
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KEYWORDS
Scanners

Visualization

Lung

Computed tomography

Medical imaging

Eye

Chest

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