22 December 2016 Dose-efficient ultrahigh-resolution scan mode using a photon counting detector computed tomography system
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Abstract
An ultrahigh-resolution (UHR) data collection mode was enabled on a whole-body, research photon counting detector (PCD) computed tomography system. In this mode, 64 rows of 0.45    mm × 0.45    mm detector pixels were used, which corresponded to a pixel size of 0.25    mm × 0.25    mm at the isocenter. Spatial resolution and image noise were quantitatively assessed for the UHR PCD scan mode, as well as for a commercially available UHR scan mode that uses an energy-integrating detector (EID) and a set of comb filters to decrease the effective detector size. Images of an anthropomorphic lung phantom, cadaveric swine lung, swine heart specimen, and cadaveric human temporal bone were qualitatively assessed. Nearly equivalent spatial resolution was demonstrated by the modulation transfer function measurements: 15.3 and 20.3    lp / cm spatial frequencies were achieved at 10% and 2% modulation, respectively, for the PCD system and 14.2 and 18.6    lp / cm for the EID system. Noise was 29% lower in the PCD UHR images compared to the EID UHR images, representing a potential dose savings of 50% for equivalent image noise. PCD UHR images from the anthropomorphic phantom and cadaveric specimens showed clear delineation of small structures.
© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Shuai Leng, Shuai Leng, Zhicong Yu, Zhicong Yu, Ahmed Halaweish, Ahmed Halaweish, Steffen Kappler, Steffen Kappler, Katharina Hahn, Katharina Hahn, Andre Henning, Andre Henning, Zhoubo Li, Zhoubo Li, John Lane, John Lane, David L. Levin, David L. Levin, Steven Jorgensen, Steven Jorgensen, Erik Ritman, Erik Ritman, Cynthia McCollough, Cynthia McCollough, } "Dose-efficient ultrahigh-resolution scan mode using a photon counting detector computed tomography system," Journal of Medical Imaging 3(4), 043504 (22 December 2016). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JMI.3.4.043504 . Submission: Received: 12 April 2016; Accepted: 28 November 2016
Received: 12 April 2016; Accepted: 28 November 2016; Published: 22 December 2016
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