14 November 2017 Pulmonary nodule classification in lung cancer screening with three-dimensional convolutional neural networks
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Abstract
A three-dimensional (3-D) convolutional neural network (CNN) trained from scratch is presented for the classification of pulmonary nodule malignancy from low-dose chest CT scans. Recent approval of lung cancer screening in the United States provides motivation for determining the likelihood of malignancy of pulmonary nodules from the initial CT scan finding to minimize the number of follow-up actions. Classifier ensembles of different combinations of the 3-D CNN and traditional machine learning models based on handcrafted 3-D image features are also explored. The dataset consisting of 326 nodules is constructed with balanced size and class distribution with the malignancy status pathologically confirmed. The results show that both the 3-D CNN single model and the ensemble models with 3-D CNN outperform the respective counterparts constructed using only traditional models. Moreover, complementary information can be learned by the 3-D CNN and the conventional models, which together are combined to construct an ensemble model with statistically superior performance compared with the single traditional model. The performance of the 3-D CNN model demonstrates the potential for improving the lung cancer screening follow-up protocol, which currently mainly depends on the nodule size.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Shuang Liu, Yiting Xie, Artit Jirapatnakul, Anthony P. Reeves, "Pulmonary nodule classification in lung cancer screening with three-dimensional convolutional neural networks," Journal of Medical Imaging 4(4), 041308 (14 November 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JMI.4.4.041308 . Submission: Received: 31 March 2017; Accepted: 23 October 2017
Received: 31 March 2017; Accepted: 23 October 2017; Published: 14 November 2017
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