Translator Disclaimer
8 April 2019 Intraoperative 360-deg three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound during needle insertions for high-dose-rate transperineal interstitial gynecologic brachytherapy of vaginal tumors
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
Brachytherapy, a type of radiotherapy, may be used to place radioactive sources into or in close proximity to tumors, providing a method for conformally escalating dose in the tumor and the local area surrounding the malignancy. High-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy of vaginal tumors requires precise placement of multiple needles through holes in a plastic perineal template to deliver treatment while optimizing dose and avoiding overexposure of nearby organs at risk (OARs). Despite the importance of needle placement, image guidance for adaptive, intraoperative needle visualization, allowing misdirected needles to be identified and corrected during insertion, is not standard practice. We have developed a 360-deg three-dimensional (3-D) transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) system using a conventional probe with a template-compatible custom sonolucent vaginal cylinder and propose its use for intraoperative needle guidance during interstitial gynecologic brachytherapy. We describe the 3-D TVUS mechanism and geometric validation, present mock phantom procedure results, and report on needle localization accuracy in patients. For the six patients imaged, landmark anatomical features and all needles were clearly visible. The implementation of 360-deg 3-D TVUS through a sonolucent vaginal cylinder provides a technique for visualizing needles and OARs intraoperatively during interstitial gynecologic brachytherapy, enabling implants to be assessed and providing the potential for image guidance.
© 2019 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 2329-4302/2019/$25.00 © 2019 SPIE
Jessica Robin Rodgers, Jeffrey Bax, Kathleen Surry, Vikram Velker, Eric Leung, David D'Souza, and Aaron Fenster "Intraoperative 360-deg three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound during needle insertions for high-dose-rate transperineal interstitial gynecologic brachytherapy of vaginal tumors," Journal of Medical Imaging 6(2), 025001 (8 April 2019). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JMI.6.2.025001
Received: 22 November 2018; Accepted: 14 March 2019; Published: 8 April 2019
JOURNAL ARTICLE
12 PAGES


SHARE
Advertisement
Advertisement
Back to Top