Purpose: Glioblastoma, the most common and aggressive adult brain tumor, is considered noncurative at diagnosis, with 14 to 16 months median survival following treatment. There is increasing evidence that noninvasive integrative analysis of radiomic features can predict overall and progression-free survival, using advanced multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (Adv-mpMRI). If successfully applicable, such noninvasive markers can considerably influence patient management. However, most patients prior to initiation of therapy typically undergo only basic structural mpMRI (Bas-mpMRI, i.e., T1, T1-Gd, T2, and T2-fluid-attenuated inversion recovery) preoperatively, rather than Adv-mpMRI that provides additional vascularization (dynamic susceptibility contrast-MRI) and cell-density (diffusion tensor imaging) related information.
Approach: We assess a retrospective cohort of 101 glioblastoma patients with available Adv-mpMRI from a previous study, which has shown that an initial feature panel (IFP, i.e., intensity, volume, location, and growth model parameters) extracted from Adv-mpMRI can yield accurate overall survival stratification. We focus on demonstrating that equally accurate prediction models can be constructed using augmented radiomic feature panels (ARFPs, i.e., integrating morphology and textural descriptors) extracted solely from widely available Bas-mpMRI, obviating the need for using Adv-mpMRI. We extracted 1612 radiomic features from distinct tumor subregions to build multivariate models that stratified patients as long-, intermediate-, or short-survivors.
Results: The classification accuracy of the model utilizing Adv-mpMRI protocols and the IFP was 72.77% and degraded to 60.89% when using only Bas-mpMRI. However, utilizing the ARFP on Bas-mpMRI improved the accuracy to 74.26%. Furthermore, Kaplan–Meier analysis demonstrated superior classification of subjects into short-, intermediate-, and long-survivor classes when using ARFP extracted from Bas-mpMRI.
Conclusions: This quantitative evaluation indicates that accurate survival prediction in glioblastoma patients is feasible using solely Bas-mpMRI and integrative advanced radiomic features, which can compensate for the lack of Adv-mpMRI. Our finding holds promise for generalization across multiple institutions that may not have access to Adv-mpMRI and to better inform clinical decision-making about aggressive interventions and clinical trials.