21 May 2012 Homogeneous one-dimensional optical lattice generation using a digital micromirror device-based high-precision beam shaper
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Abstract
A homogeneous one-dimensional optical lattice is demonstrated by using a high-precision beam shaper based on a digital micromirror device (DMD) with an imaging system containing a pinhole low-pass filter (LPF). This system is capable of producing a high-quality flattop beam profile to form a standing-wave optical lattice with a 50×50 μm2 flattop region. The periodic potential generated by the optical lattice confines ultracold atoms in Bose-Einstein condensate experiments. We conducted beam shaping tests at several wavelengths by implementing various coherent and incoherent light sources in the visible and infrared wavelength ranges. Experiments produced flattop and other well-controlled beam profiles with 0.2% to 0.26% root-mean-square (RMS) error after applying a digital LPF and nearly flat phase. Several concerns for the system design are presented. First, the energy requirement was determined by power conversion analysis and DMD diffraction efficiency simulation. In addition, a LabVIEW program was written to accelerate the speed of the iterative process for beam profile refinement. Finally, various camera calibrations improved the measurement accuracy. We achieved a 1.25% RMS error flattop beam with diameter of 70.4 μm at the atoms' plane. Other beam profile measurements in different diagnostic planes demonstrated a good intensity uniformity of the optical lattice.
© 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Jinyang Liang, Jinyang Liang, Michael F. Becker, Michael F. Becker, Rudolph N. Kohn, Rudolph N. Kohn, Daniel J. Heinzen, Daniel J. Heinzen, } "Homogeneous one-dimensional optical lattice generation using a digital micromirror device-based high-precision beam shaper," Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS 11(2), 023002 (21 May 2012). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JMM.11.2.023002 . Submission:
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