25 January 2018 Fin field effect transistor directionality impacts printing of implantation shapes
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In modern integrated circuit (IC) fabrication processes, the photoresist receives considerable illumination energy that is reflected by underlying topography during optical lithography of implantation layers. Bottom antireflective coating (BARC) is helpful to mitigate the reflection. Often, however, BARC is not used, because its removal is technically challenging, in addition to its relatively high economic cost. Furthermore, the advanced technology nodes, such as 14/10-nm nodes, have introduced fin field effect transistor (FinFET), which makes reflection from nonuniform silicon substrates exceptionally complicated. Therefore, modeling reflection from topography becomes obligatory to accurately predict printing of implantation shapes. Typically, FinFET is always fixed in one direction in realistic designs. However, the same implantation rectangle may be oriented in either horizontal or vertical direction. Then, there are two types of relations between the critical dimension (CD) and FinFET, namely a parallel-to and a perpendicular-to relation. We examine the fin directionality impact on CD. We found that this impact may be considerable in some cases. We use our in-house rigorous optical topography simulator to reveal underlining physical reasons. One of the major causes of the CD differences is that in the parallel orientation, the solid sidewalls of the fins conduct considerable light reflections unlike for the perpendicular orientation. This finding can aid the compact modeling in optical proximity correction of implantation masks.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Xiren Wang, Yuri Granik, "Fin field effect transistor directionality impacts printing of implantation shapes," Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS 17(1), 013504 (25 January 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JMM.17.1.013504 . Submission: Received: 21 April 2017; Accepted: 26 December 2017
Received: 21 April 2017; Accepted: 26 December 2017; Published: 25 January 2018

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