1 October 2008 Modeling of temperature-dependent diffusion and polymerization kinetics and their effects on two-photon polymerization dynamics
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Abstract
Two-photon polymerization (2PP) is an effective technique for the fabrication of complex polymeric 3-D micro/nanofeatures and structures using ultrashort pulses from a NIR laser source. The interaction of laser pulses with photoresponsive resin creates a voxel (volumetric pixel) that defines the resolution of the 2PP process. In this work, we present a mathematical model of the 2PP process that considers the effects of radical diffusion and polymerization kinetics on polymerization dynamics. The increase in temperature during the polymerization process and its effect on polymerization kinetics are considered in the model. The developed model is solved numerically to obtain a better understanding of the polymerization dynamics at various time scales. The effects of diffusion and polymerization kinetics on the growth of voxels are analyzed from the presented simulations. A comparison between high and low pulse repetition rate systems is also presented, showing different polymerization dynamics.
© (2008) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Nitin Uppal, Panos S. Shiakolas, "Modeling of temperature-dependent diffusion and polymerization kinetics and their effects on two-photon polymerization dynamics," Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS 7(4), 043002 (1 October 2008). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3033203 . Submission:
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