1 January 2009 Novel lithography design and verification methodology with patterning failure
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Abstract
We make a new model for pattern failure, which is the pattern collapse and bridging of resist patterns of 43-nm 1:1 lines and spaces (L/S) exposed as a focus-exposure matrix, to explain and predict the process window of the pattern failure. It is found that the conventional Imax-Imin model cannot be fitted to the experimental pass/fail data. Instead of Imax and Imin, we select the critical dimension (CD) and normalized image log slope (NILS) as the model input. The new CD-NILS model corresponds well to the experimental pass/fail data. Good correspondence is assumed to be due to the properly selected model input. Pattern collapse, which occurs during the drying of the water at the rinse of the resist patterns, is expected to be accelerated by the smaller line CD and the larger line width roughness (LWR) due to smaller NILS. Pattern bridging, which occurs during resist development, is expected to be accelerated by the larger line CD and the larger LWR. The CD-NILS model predicts the process window precisely when a new process condition (a new illumination in this case) is adopted. It suggests that the CD-NILS model is a powerful methodology for predicting the process window to optimize the process condition and optimize the lithography design.
© (2009) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Seiro Miyoshi, Seiro Miyoshi, Yuuji Kobayashi, Yuuji Kobayashi, Satoshi Tanaka, Satoshi Tanaka, Kenji Kawano, Kenji Kawano, Koji Hashimoto, Koji Hashimoto, Soichi Inoue, Soichi Inoue, } "Novel lithography design and verification methodology with patterning failure," Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS 8(1), 013004 (1 January 2009). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3079782 . Submission:
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