19 August 2017 Control of electromagnetically induced transparency via a hybrid semiconductor quantum dot–vanadium dioxide nanoparticle system
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Abstract
We numerically investigate the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) of a hybrid system consisting of a three-level quantum dot (QD) in the vicinity of vanadium dioxide nanoparticle (VO2NP). VO2NP has semiconductor and metallic phases where the transition between the two phases occurs around a critical temperature. When the QD-VO2NP hybrid system interacts with continuous wave laser fields in an infrared regime, it supports a coherent coupling of exciton–polariton and exciton–plasmon polariton in semiconductor and metal phases of VO2NP, respectively. In our calculations a filling fraction factor controls the VO2NP phase transition. A probe and control laser field configuration is studied for the hybrid system to measure the absorption of QD through the filling fraction factor manipulations. We show that for the VO2NP semiconductor phase and proper geometrical configuration, the absorption spectrum profile of the QD represents an EIT with two peaks and a clear minimum. These two peaks merge to one through the VO2NP phase transition to metal. We also show that the absorption spectrum profile is modified by different orientations of the laser fields with the axis of the QD-VO2NP hybrid system. The innovation in comparison to other research in the field is that robust variation in the absorption profile through EIT is due to the phase transition in VO2NP without any structural change in the QD-VO2NP hybrid system. Our results can be employed to design nanothermal sensors, optical nanoswitches, and energy transfer devices.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Naser Zamani, Ali Hatef, Hamid Nadgaran, Alireza Keshavarz, "Control of electromagnetically induced transparency via a hybrid semiconductor quantum dot–vanadium dioxide nanoparticle system," Journal of Nanophotonics 11(3), 036011 (19 August 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JNP.11.036011 . Submission: Received: 1 May 2017; Accepted: 24 July 2017
Received: 1 May 2017; Accepted: 24 July 2017; Published: 19 August 2017
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