20 April 2017 Al2O3−BaTiO3 nanolaminates fabricated by multistationary target pulsed laser deposition with in situ ellipsometry
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Abstract
Layered oxide materials having alternating repeated layer thicknesses of 10 nm or less are difficult to make, especially with sharp interfaces. Nanostructured thin films having repeated layers of two different oxide materials were obtained by using pulsed laser deposition and two independent stationary targets consisting of Al 2 O 3 and BaTiO 3 . Desired thicknesses were achieved by using a specific number of pulses from a 248-nm KrF excimer laser, at an energy of 450    mJ / pulse , a galvanometer mirror system, and a background pressure of oxygen. Trends in material properties were identified by systematically varying the number of pulses for multiple nanostructured thin films and comparing the resulting properties measured using in-situ spectroscopic ellipsometry and ex-situ capacitance measurements, including relative permittivity and loss. Four films were deposited with a goal of having 0.25-, 1-, 4-, and 10-nm thick layers, and each 220    nm thick. Ellipsometry data were modeled in situ to calculate thickness, n and k . A representative transmission electron microscopy measurement was also collected for the 10-nm sample with corresponding x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and energy disperive x-ray spectroscopy. Ellipsometry and capacitance measurements were all performed on each of the samples, with one sample having calculated impedance greater than 30 GOhm at 0.001 Hz.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
John G. Jones, John J. Boeckl, Steven R. Smith, Gerald R. Landis, Neil R. Murphy, Zhongqiang Hu, Cynthia T. Bowers, Charles Ed Stutz, "Al2O3−BaTiO3 nanolaminates fabricated by multistationary target pulsed laser deposition with in situ ellipsometry," Journal of Nanophotonics 11(4), 043506 (20 April 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JNP.11.043506 . Submission: Received: 30 December 2016; Accepted: 5 April 2017
Received: 30 December 2016; Accepted: 5 April 2017; Published: 20 April 2017
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