To obtain efficient and stable light trapping, angle rotation is introduced to form rotated square pillar array grating (SPAG) solar cells. Compared with the unpatterned stack slab and the optimized uniform SPAG cells, the maximum short-circuit current (Jsc) of the optimized rotated SPAG is increased by 78.54% and 3.21%, respectively. Moreover, besides the fact that the low-incidence angular sensitivity of Jsc could be maintained, Jsc of the optimized rotated SPAG will always be larger than that of the optimized uniform SPAG at any incident angle. Furthermore, when the structural parameters of the subsquare pillar slightly deviate from the optimum, the absorption only deceases slightly as well, which indicates both a high structural tolerance and a stable absorption performance. In addition, our results show not only that the proposed rotated SPAG is promising to make light trapping efficient and stable but also that introducing rotation disorders is promising for other high-absorption pseudounordered surface structures.
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