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15 April 2020 High-harmonic generation at particle–hole multiphoton excitation in gapped bilayer graphene
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Abstract

A microscopic nonlinear quantum theory of the interaction of coherent electromagnetic radiation with gapped bilayer graphene is developed. The Liouville-von Neumann equation for the density matrix is solved numerically at the multiphoton excitation regime. The developed theory of interaction of charged carriers with the strong driving wave field is valid near the Dirac points of the Brillouin zone. We consider the harmonic generation process in the nonadiabatic regime of interaction when the Keldysh parameter is of the order of unity. On the basis of numerical solutions, we examine the rates of odd and even high harmonics at the particle–hole annihilation in the field of a strong pump wave of arbitrary polarization. The obtained results show that the gapped bilayer graphene can serve as an effective medium for the generation of even and odd high harmonics in the terahertz and far-infrared domains of frequencies.

© 2020 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 1934-2608/2020/$28.00 © 2020 SPIE
Hamlet K. Avetissian, Ara K. Avetissian, Armenhui G. Ghazaryan, Garnik F. Mkrtchian, and Khachik V. Sedrakian "High-harmonic generation at particle–hole multiphoton excitation in gapped bilayer graphene," Journal of Nanophotonics 14(2), 026004 (15 April 2020). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JNP.14.026004
Received: 30 January 2020; Accepted: 2 April 2020; Published: 15 April 2020
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