17 February 2015 Application of silver nanoparticles as an interfacial layer in cadmium sulfide quantum dot sensitized solar cells
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Abstract
Silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized and used as an interfacial layer in the photoanode of quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs). Two different methods were employed to determine the size and shape of the Ag NPs. Using transmission electron microscopy images and calculations based on Mie theory, a size of 5 nm and a spherical shape were obtained for the sensitized Ag NPs. Then these NPs were applied in a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)/Ag/TiO2/CdS photoanode structure in the QDSSCs. As an interfacial layer, Ag NPs were dip-coated on FTO between an FTO glass and a TiO2 layer. A successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method was used for deposition of CdS quantum dots on the TiO2 films. A power conversion efficiency of ∼1.45% was obtained for FTO/Ag/TiO2/CdS cells, which was ∼40% higher than ∼1.05% found for noninterfacial layer FTO/TiO2/CdS cells. The easier transport of excited electrons and the inhibition of charge recombination due to the application of an Ag NPs layer are concluded to be responsible for the improved performance of the cells and their increased photocurrent.
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Fatemeh Doosthosseini, Abbas Behjat, Sakineh Hashemizadeh, Naeimeh Torabi, "Application of silver nanoparticles as an interfacial layer in cadmium sulfide quantum dot sensitized solar cells," Journal of Nanophotonics 9(1), 093092 (17 February 2015). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JNP.9.093092 . Submission:
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