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14 May 2020 Detailed balance efficiencies for luminescent solar concentrators with aligned semiconductor nanorods: the benefits of anisotropic emission
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Abstract

Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) have been studied for decades as an alternative to conventional lens-based optical concentrators for improving the performance and lowering the cost of high-efficiency photovoltaic solar converters. However, the Stokes shift from luminophores that comprise the LSC entails that the strategy cannot achieve the well-known Shockley–Queisser conversion efficiency limit of 33.7%, even theoretically. We show how aligned semiconductor nanorods with anisotropic dipolar photoluminescence can partially overcome losses due to the Stokes shift. We also outline LSC designs with conversion efficiency >33.7  %   and highlight how nanorods relax the demands on solar trackers in these proposals. Our analysis predicts efficiency increases even when nonradiative loss is comparable to current GaAs cells and when our models incorporate the experimentally measured anisotropy of colloidal dot-in-rod CdSe/CdS nanoparticles that we synthesized for this study. Fundamentally, these improvements result from the angular redistribution of light energy provided by the anisotropic, Stokes-shifted nanorod luminescence.

© 2020 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 1947-7988/2020/$28.00 © 2020 SPIE
Jarett C. Martin, Rivi J. Ratnaweera, Smriti Kumar, Je-Ruei Wen, A. Ryan Kutayiah, and Matthew T. Sheldon "Detailed balance efficiencies for luminescent solar concentrators with aligned semiconductor nanorods: the benefits of anisotropic emission," Journal of Photonics for Energy 10(2), 025501 (14 May 2020). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.10.025501
Received: 11 February 2020; Accepted: 1 May 2020; Published: 14 May 2020
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