1 November 2016 Morphology-defined interaction of copper phthalocyanine with O2/H2O
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Abstract
Copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) is an important hole transport layer for organic photovoltaics (OPVs), but interaction with ambient gas/vapor may lead to changes in its electronic properties and limit OPV device lifetimes. CuPc films of thickness 25 and 100 nm were grown by thermal sublimation at 25°C, 150°C, and 250°C in order to vary morphology. We measured electrical resistance and film mass in situ during exposure to controlled pulses of O2 and H2O vapor. CuPc films deposited at 250°C showed a factor of 5 higher uptake of O2 as detected by a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), possibly due to the formation of β-CuPc at T>200°C which allows higher O2 mobility between stacked molecules. While weight-based measurements stabilize after ∼10  min of gas exposure, resistance response stabilizes over times >1  h, suggesting that mass change occurs by rapid adsorption at active surface sites whereas resistive response is dominated by slow diffusion of adsorbates into the bulk film. The 25 nm films exhibit higher resistive response than 100 nm films after an hour of O2/H2O exposure due to fast analyte diffusion down to the film/electrode interface. We found evidence of decoupling of CuPc from the gold-coated QCM crystal due to preferential adsorption of O2/H2O molecules on gold.
© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Eric S. Muckley, Eric S. Muckley, Nicholas Miller, Nicholas Miller, Christopher B. Jacobs, Christopher B. Jacobs, Thomas Gredig, Thomas Gredig, Ilia N. Ivanov, Ilia N. Ivanov, } "Morphology-defined interaction of copper phthalocyanine with O2/H2O," Journal of Photonics for Energy 6(4), 045501 (1 November 2016). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.6.045501 . Submission:
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