5 December 2017 Electrical characteristics of funnel-shaped silicon nanowire solar cells
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The electrical characteristics of funnel-shaped silicon nanowire (SiNW) solar cells are introduced and numerically analyzed. The funnel-shaped NW consists of a cylinder over a conical unit. Its aim is to maximize the optical absorption over a large wavelength range and hence the electrical efficiency by increasing the number of resonance wavelengths or by enlarging the resonance wavelength range. The conical part has different radii in the axial direction, which increases the number of resonance wavelengths. Further, the coupling between the supported modes by the upper cylinder and the lower tapered cone offers multiple optical resonances required for broadband absorption. The optical characteristics and generation rates through the studied design are obtained using 3-D finite difference time domain. However, the electrical properties are calculated using finite element via the Lumerical device software package. In this regard, radial and axial junctions are examined for the suggested design and compared with the conventional cylindrical SiNW counterpart. In this investigation, short circuit current density, open circuit voltage, fill factor, and power conversion efficiency (PCE) are simulated to quantify the optoelectronic performance of the reported design. Furthermore, the effects of the doping concentration and carrier lifetime on the performance of the funnel-shaped design are reported. The proposed SiNWs offer PCE and short circuit density of 12.7% and 27.6    mA / cm 2 , respectively, for the axial junction. However, the funnel design with core–shell junction shows an efficiency and short-circuit current ( J sc ) of 14.13% and 31.94    mA / cm 2 , respectively. Therefore, the suggested design has higher efficiency than 6.4% and 9.6% of the conventional cylindrical SiNWs according to the axial and core shell junctions, respectively.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Ghada Yassin Abdel-Latif, Ghada Yassin Abdel-Latif, Mohamed Farhat O. Hameed, Mohamed Farhat O. Hameed, Mohamed Hussein, Mohamed Hussein, Maher Abdel Razzak, Maher Abdel Razzak, Salah S. A. Obayya, Salah S. A. Obayya, } "Electrical characteristics of funnel-shaped silicon nanowire solar cells," Journal of Photonics for Energy 7(4), 047501 (5 December 2017). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JPE.7.047501 . Submission: Received: 26 March 2017; Accepted: 1 November 2017
Received: 26 March 2017; Accepted: 1 November 2017; Published: 5 December 2017


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