Since images in conventional radiographic tomography are in-herently low in subject contrast, it is essential that scattered radiation be prevented from reaching the image receptor. Scanning beam or slit radiographic techniques are known to be the most efficient scatter elimination methods, yet have been inapplicable to this area of radiography. In this work it is shown that the scanning beam method using rotating aperture wheel (RAW) devices can be used in conventional tomography. One coder wheel between the x-ray tube and patient and two scatter discriminator wheels between the patient and image recep-tor form sections of the RAW "projection cone" with the lines of radia-tion from the x-ray source forming the "flux pyramid." As long as the projection cone follows the motion of the x-ray flux pyramid (with the ratios of the distances between the x-ray source, RAWs, patient, and image receptor kept constant throughout the motion) any RAW pattern may be used. Simple relations are given which describe the geometric constraints for various tomographic motions. As in any application of scanning slit techniques, it is possible to use the excellent scatter elimination capabilities of a RAW device either to improve image contrast or to reduce patient dose.
Daniel R. Bednarek,
"Scatter Reduction In Conventional Radiographic Tomography Using Rotating Apertures," Optical Engineering 20(4), 204590 (1 August 1981). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.7972767