Potential device applications of third-order nonlinear phenomena in guided wave structures are discussed. One of the waveguiding media is assumed to exhibit an intensity-dependent refractive index that results in both an intensity-dependent propagation wavevector and field distribution for the guided waves. These two characteristics lead to many interesting all-optical devices whose operating principles and power levels are outlined here. For example, the intensity-dependent field patterns can be used for thresholding and switching operations in a waveguide context. The intensity-dependent wavevector, used in conjuction with a distributed input or output coupler, can lead to devices such as optical limiters and light-controlled spatial scanners. When gratings are used as distributed feedback elements within a nonlinear waveguide, a whole class of novel devices such as bistable switches and optically tunable optical filters should be feasible.