1 October 1986 Optical I/O For High Speed CMOS Systems
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Conventional interconnect is rapidly becoming a critical issue in the realization of VLSI systems. Large silicon systems are especially limited by the bandwidth of available interconnect and the number of pinouts presently available. Optical I/O technology promises to provide relief from the pinout problem and to enhance performance significantly. Power requirements, interconnect flux, and noise immunity of metallized interconnects and electro-optic links are compared. Several alternatives for optical clock distribution and optical fiber interfacing are discussed. An architecture for an ultralarge electro-optic switch using optical interconnect is presented. The low noise characteristics of optical interconnect allow the use of novel synchronization circuitry that is both fast and compact.
Jeffrey A. Fried, Jeffrey A. Fried, } "Optical I/O For High Speed CMOS Systems," Optical Engineering 25(10), 251132 (1 October 1986). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.7973968 . Submission:

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