1 August 1990 Photoemission polarimeter in soft x-ray astronomy
Author Affiliations +
Optical Engineering, 29(8), (1990). doi:10.1117/12.55679
Abstract
Measurements in our laboratory have recently shown that the pulse quantum yield (counts/photon) of Csl x-ray photocathodes, measured near grazing incidence, depends on the linear polarization state of the incident beam. These results have implications both for the fundamental understanding ofthe x-ray photoeffect and, since Csl is well known as a cathode material of high (unpolarized) quantum efficiency in the 0.1 to 1.0 keV band, for the development of high-throughput astronomical x-ray polarimetry. This paper, concentrating on the latter topic, describes the practical accommodation of a photoemission polarimeter at (or near) the focus of a satellite x-ray telescope. Problems of device format, instrumental polarization, and data compression are discussed with reference to the Composite X-ray Polarimeter recently proposed for the European Space Agency High Throughput Spectroscopy mission (XMM). Examples of the sensitivity of this instrument are given. In the second part of the paper, some recent laboratory measurements are presented. These concern the variation in the number of x-ray photoelectrons with the polarimetric azimuth of a Csl cathode.
George W. Fraser, John Ernest Lees, James F. Pearson, Mark R. Sims, J. E. Spragg, Richard Willingale, "Photoemission polarimeter in soft x-ray astronomy," Optical Engineering 29(8), (1 August 1990). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.55679
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