This paper reviews the accomplishment of modern day cameras in space on the MERCURY Program. It follows with the requirements of the GEMINI and APOLLO Programs. The need for the creation of a special purpose camera for use in space is outlined. The creation of such a camera is one of the technological goals of the National Aeronautics and Space Adminis-tration. Approximately one-third of the scientific data gathered in the lunar mis-sion will be recorded on film. The space camera must be lightweight and easy to handle even though the user is wearing a spacesuit which restricts mobility.