1 February 1994 Bone structure studies with holographic interferometric nondestructive testing and x-ray methods
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Abstract
Changes in the biomechanics and in the molecular texture and structure of isolated radioulnar bones of subadult European moose (Alces alces L.) collected in various environmentally polluted areas of Finland were investigated by means of holographic interferometric nondestructive testing (HNDT), radiological, morphometrical, and x-ray diffraction methods. By means of small caudal-cranial bending forces, the surface movements of the lower end (distal epiphysis) of the radial bone were recorded with the HNDT method. To study bone molecular texture and structure changes under external compressing forces, the samples for x-ray diffraction analysis were taken from the upper end of the ulnar bone (olecranon tip). Results showed that the bones obtained from the Harjavalta area and those of North Karelian moose showing malnutrition and healing femoral fractures produced different HNDT pictures compared with the four normally developed North Karelian moose. In the x-ray diffraction, the Harjavalta samples showed changes in molecular texture and structure compared with the samples from the apparently normal North Karelian animals.
Raimo Veil Johannes Silvennoinen, Kaarlo Nygren, Juha Rouvinen, Valentina V. Petrova, "Bone structure studies with holographic interferometric nondestructive testing and x-ray methods," Optical Engineering 33(2), (1 February 1994). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.153128
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