1 February 1994 Imagers for the magnetosphere, aurora, and plasmasphere
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Abstract
We present a small Explorer mission, Imagers for the Magnetosphere, Aurora, and Plasmasphere (IMAP), to provide the first global magnetospheric images that will allow a systematic study of major regions of the magnetosphere, their dynamics, and their interactions. The mission objective is to obtain simultaneous images of the inner magnetosphere (ring current and trapped particles), the plasmasphere, the aurora, and auroral upflowing ions. The instruments are (1) a Low Energy Neutral Particle Imager for imaging H and O atoms, separately, in the energy range of ~1 to 30 keV, in several energy passbands; (2) an Energetic Neutral Particle Imager for imaging H atoms in the energy range ~15 to 200 keV and, separately, O atoms in the energy range ~60 to 200 keV, each in several energy passbands; (3) an Extreme-Ultraviolet Imager to obtain images of the plasmasphere (the distribution of cold He+) by means of He+ (30.4 nm) emissions; and (4) a Far-Ultraviolet Imaging Monochromator to provide images of the aurora and the geocorona. All images will be obtained with time and spatial resolutions appropriate to the global and macroscale structures to be observed. IMAP promises new quantitative analyses that will provide great advances in insight and knowledge of global and macroscale magnetospheric parameters. The results expected from IMAP will provide the first large-scale visualization of the ring current, the trapped ion populations, the plasmasphere, and the upflowing auroral ion population. Such images, coupled with simultaneously obtained auroral images, will also provide the initial opportunity to globally interconnect these major magnetospheric regions. The time sequencing of IMAP images will also provide the initial large-scale visualization of magnetospheric dynamics, both in space and time.
Louis A. Frank, Louis A. Frank, John B. Sigwarth, John B. Sigwarth, Donald J. Williams, Donald J. Williams, Edmond C. Roelof, Edmond C. Roelof, Donald G. Mitchell, Donald G. Mitchell, Robert E. Gold, Robert E. Gold, Edwin P. Keath, Edwin P. Keath, Barry H. Mauk, Barry H. Mauk, Ching-I. Meng, Ching-I. Meng, Donald L. Carpenter, Donald L. Carpenter, Bengt K. Hultqvist, Bengt K. Hultqvist, Rickard N. Lundin, Rickard N. Lundin, George L. Siscoe, George L. Siscoe, Richard A. Wolf, Richard A. Wolf, David J. Gorney, David J. Gorney, Michael Schulz, Michael Schulz, David J. McComas, David J. McComas, Herbert O. Funsten, Herbert O. Funsten, Kurt R. Moore, Kurt R. Moore, Barham W. Smith, Barham W. Smith, John D. Craven, John D. Craven, Yam T. Chiu, Yam T. Chiu, Robert R. Meier, Robert R. Meier, John F. Seely, John F. Seely, } "Imagers for the magnetosphere, aurora, and plasmasphere," Optical Engineering 33(2), (1 February 1994). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.155986 . Submission:
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