1 December 1995 Monte Carlo simulation of light-emitting diode light-extraction characteristics
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Abstract
We employ a Monte Carlo ray-tracing technique to model light-extraction characteristics of light-emitting diodes. By keeping track of the various processes that photons can encounter in a packaged LED, consisting of a semiconductor chip, a reflector dish, and an epoxy magnifying lens, our model can provide valuable information for LED design. The simulations can be performed very effectively on modern workstations. Preliminary results from a sample parametric study indicate that, with some refinement, our method could be used as a computer-aided design tool for optimizing light-extraction efficiencies and for designing LED spatial emission characteristics.
David Z.Y. Ting, Thomas C. McGill, "Monte Carlo simulation of light-emitting diode light-extraction characteristics," Optical Engineering 34(12), (1 December 1995). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.215485
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