1 January 1996 Weak "A" blood subgroup discrimination by a rheo-optical method: a new application of laser backscattering
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Abstract
Laser backscattering is an excellent tool to investigate size and concentration of suspended particles. It was successfully applied to the analysis of erythrocyte aggregation. A method is proposed that applies laser backscattering to the evaluation of the strength of the immunologic erythrocyte agglutination by approaching the energy required for the mechanical dissociation of agglutinates. Mills and Snabre have proposed a theory of laser backscattering for erythrocyte aggregation analysis. It is applied here to analyze the dissociation process of erythrocyte agglutinates performed by imposing a constant shear rate to the agglutinate suspension in a couette viscometer until a dispersion of isolated red cells is attained, Experimental verifications of the method were performed on the erythrocytes of the ABO group reacting against an anti-A test serum in twofold series dilutions. Spent energy is approached by a numerical process carried out on the backscattered intensity data registered during mechanical dissociation. Velocities of agglutination and dissociation lead to the calculation of dissociation parameters. These values are used to evaluate the strength of the immunological reaction and to discriminate weak subgroups of ABO system.
Rodolfo Jose Rasia, Juana R. Rasia-Valverde, Jean F. Stoltz, "Weak "A" blood subgroup discrimination by a rheo-optical method: a new application of laser backscattering," Optical Engineering 35(1), (1 January 1996). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.600952 . Submission:
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