A novel principle of a high-speed 3-D camera is presented.
This 3-D camera system is able to achieve the instantaneous full-frame
3-D imaging capabilities that no other commercially available 3-D image
acquisition systems or 3-D rangefinders can currently achieve. There are
no mechanical moving parts in this system, therefore the mechanical
design can be very simple and reliable, and there is no ‘‘eye-safe’’ problem.
The 3-D camera can be integrated using all off-the-shelf products,
which leads to a very low production cost and short development period.
The 3-D camera is also able to provide normal 2-D intensity image of the
scene using a single camera, which will greatly facilitate the object recognition
and the sensor fusion tasks in machine vision applications.
Simulations and hardware experiments have been performed, and the
results are presented.