Optical elements may be separated into two classes: (1) Solid Optics, and (2) Membrane Optics. Solid optical elements - such as glass or plastic lenses and glass or metal due to crystalline structure. Grinding and polishing reduces these surfaces to an amorphous atomic condition similar to that of liquid surfaces. Membrane optical elements - such as the cornea of the human eye, the Wood rotating mercury paraboloid the IRCO electrostatically-figured membrane paraboloid and the "Orbiting Eye" possess initially smooth and symmetric surfaces. The aspects involved in the development of this "Eye" are discussed by its inventor.