1 July 2001 Large-aperture multiple quantum well modulating retroreflector for free-space optical data transfer on unmanned aerial vehicles
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Optical Engineering, 40(7), (2001). doi:10.1117/1.1383783
Abstract
We describe progress in the development of a multiple quantum well modulating retroreflector, including a description of recent demonstrations of an infrared data link between a small rotary-wing unmanned airborne vehicle and a ground-based laser interrogator using the device designed and fabricated at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). Modulating retroreflector systems couple an optical retroreflector, such as a corner cube, and an electro-optic shutter to allow two-way optical communications using a laser, telescope, and pointer-tracker on only one platform. The NRL modulating retroreflector uses a semiconductor-based multiple quantum well shutter capable of modulation rates greater than 10 Mbps, depending on link characteristics. The technology enables the use of near-infrared frequencies, which is well known to provide covert communications immune to frequency allocation problems. This specific device has the added advantage of being compact, lightweight, covert, and requires very low paper. Up to an order of magnitude in onboard power can be saved using a small array of these devices instead of the radio frequency equivalent. In the described demonstration, a Mbps optical link to an unmanned aerial vehicle in flight at a range of 100 to 200 feet is shown. Near real-time compressed video was also demonstrated at the Mbps level and is described.
G. Charmaine Gilbreath, William S. Rabinovich, Timothy J. Meehan, Michael J. Vilcheck, Rita Mahon, Ray Burris, Mena F. Stell, Ilene Sokolsky, John A. Vasquez, Chris S. Bovais, Kerry Cochrell, Kim C. Goins, Robin Barbehenn, D. Scott Katzer, Kiki Ikossi-Anastasiou, Marcos J. Montes, "Large-aperture multiple quantum well modulating retroreflector for free-space optical data transfer on unmanned aerial vehicles," Optical Engineering 40(7), (1 July 2001). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.1383783
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