1 November 2002 Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer
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Abstract
The possibility of using smectic liquid crystals in active waveguide devices is explored through the analysis of both an integrated electro-optic switch and a continuously tunable filter. The two devices are based on a Bragg grating in planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer, which enables changing the spectral behavior of the device. The fast and bistable switching of smectic C* in the surface-stabilized liquid crystal structure is used to investigate the possibility of realizing an integrated electro-optical switch. The principal advantage of this device is its spectral signature, which enables us to overcome the problems of intensity dependent devices. The soft-mode of smectic A* liquid crystals, enabling a continuous modulation of extraordinary refractive index, is used to design an integrated wavelength filter in the wavelength range of interest for optical communications. The principal advantages of such device include fast tuning speed, wide tuning range, low power dissipation, and low cost.
© (2002) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Luigi Sirleto, Luigi Sirleto, Giuseppe Coppola, Giuseppe Coppola, Giovanni Breglio, Giovanni Breglio, Giancarlo Abbate, Giancarlo Abbate, Giancarlo C. Righini, Giancarlo C. Righini, Jose Manuel Oton, Jose Manuel Oton, } "Electro-optical switch and continuously tunable filter based on a Bragg grating in a planar waveguide with a liquid crystal overlayer," Optical Engineering 41(11), (1 November 2002). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.1512305 . Submission:
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