1 May 2002 A high-order polarization mode dispersion emulator
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Optical Engineering, 41(5), (2002). doi:10.1117/1.1467932
A system for generating polarization mode dispersion is developed to reproduce a close approximation to the polarization mode dispersion (pMd) of fiber links in the laboratory. A multistage system of rotating wave plates and combinations of birefringent elements generates a mixture of first-order, second-order, and higher order PMD suitable for testing OC-192 and OC-768 hardware. The PMD emulator can be operated in either static or time-varying modes. In the static mode, first-order PMD is generated with the differential group delay (DGD) continuously adjustable from 0 to 160 ps. In the dynamic mode, time-varying PMD containing first and higher orders is generated with an approximately Maxwellian DGD distribution. The PMD emulator generates PMD variations at adjustable frequencies up to 400 Hz.
Russell A. Chipman, Ravinderkumar Kinnera, "A high-order polarization mode dispersion emulator," Optical Engineering 41(5), (1 May 2002). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.1467932

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