1 January 2005 Low-numerical-aperture Gaussian beam confocal system for profiling optically smooth surfaces
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Optical Engineering, 44(1), 013604 (2005). doi:10.1117/1.1829712
Abstract
We propose a simple confocal system that uses a laser Gaussian beam as a probe to measure microstructure features of curved or turned surfaces. The probe beam is focused by a lens with a low numerical aperture to maintain the beam unclipped throughout the detection process and to limit the vertical resolution to several microns. This resolution is suitable for examining the microstructure of machined surfaces. The size of the pinhole in the plane of detection is characterized for optimal depth discrimination. The analytic description is based on the propagation of Gaussian beams by using the scalar Fresnel diffraction integral.
Moises Cywiak, J. Félix Aguilar, Bernardino Barrientos, "Low-numerical-aperture Gaussian beam confocal system for profiling optically smooth surfaces," Optical Engineering 44(1), 013604 (1 January 2005). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1829712
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KEYWORDS
Gaussian beams

Confocal microscopy

Beam propagation method

Reflectivity

Laser beam diagnostics

Optical engineering

Near field diffraction

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