1 December 2005 Delay-time-enhanced photonic crystal fiber array for wireless communications using two-dimensional X-band phased-array antennas
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Abstract
Continuously tunable optical true time-delay (TTD) modules based on dispersion-enhanced photonic crystal fibers (DEPCFs) are demonstrated to provide continuous microwave squint-free beam scanning for an X-band (8 to 12 GHz) phased-array antenna (PAA) system. The dispersion of the fabricated photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) is as high as –600 ps/nm km at 1550 nm. By employing PCFs to increase the dispersion, the TTD module size can be proportionally reduced. The time delay is continuously tunable from –31 ps to 31 ps between adjacent delay lines by tuning the laser wavelength continuously from 1528 to 1560 nm. The far-field radiation patterns of a 1×4 subarray were measured from –45 to 45 deg scanning angles. Squint-free operation is experimentally confirmed. Wavelength conversion is also demonstrated to confirm that time-delay information can be successfully transferred from one wavelength to the other without being changed, which is suitable to be implemented in 2-D phased-array antenna systems. The TTD formation idea presented is suitable for not only the X band, but also the other higher microwave frequencies, such as the K band.
Yongqiang Jiang, Zhong Shi, Brie Howley, Xiaonan Chen, Maggie Yihong Chen, Ray T. Chen, "Delay-time-enhanced photonic crystal fiber array for wireless communications using two-dimensional X-band phased-array antennas," Optical Engineering 44(12), 125001 (1 December 2005). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.2149327
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