1 April 2005 High-speed enhanced K-edge angiography utilizing cerium plasma x-ray generator
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Optical Engineering, 44(4), 049001 (2005). doi:10.1117/1.1882372
Abstract
The cerium target plasma flash x-ray generator is useful to perform high-speed enhanced K-edge angiography using cone beams, because K-series characteristic x-rays from the cerium target are absorbed effectively by iodine-based contrast mediums. In the plasma generator, a 200-nF condenser is charged up to 60 kV by a power supply, and flash x-rays are produced by the discharging. The x-ray tube is a demountable triode with a trigger electrode, and the turbomolecular pump evacuates air from the tube with a pressure of approximately 1 mPa. Target evaporation leads to the formation of weakly ionized linear plasma, consisting of cerium ions and electrons, around the target, and intense flash x-rays are produced. At a charging voltage of 55 kV, the maximum tube voltage is almost equal to the charging voltage of the main condenser, and the maximum current is approximately 20 kA. When the charging voltage is increased, weakly ionized cerium plasma forms, and the K-series characteristic x-ray intensities increase. The x-ray pulse widths are about 500 ns, and the time-integrated x-ray intensity has a value of about 40 µC/kg at 1.0 m from the x-ray source with a charging voltage of 55 kV. In the angiography, we employ a filmless computed radiography (CR) system and iodine-based microspheres.
Eiichi Sato, Etsuro Tanaka, Hidezo Mori, Toshiaki Kawai, Shigehiro Sato, Kazuyoshi Takayama, "High-speed enhanced K-edge angiography utilizing cerium plasma x-ray generator," Optical Engineering 44(4), 049001 (1 April 2005). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1882372
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KEYWORDS
X-rays

Plasma

Angiography

Cerium

Plasma generation

Iodine

X-ray sources

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