1 April 2005 Clean monochromatic x-ray irradiation from weakly ionized linear copper plasma
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In the plasma flash x-ray generator, a 200-nF condenser is charged up to 50 kV by a power supply, and flash x-rays are produced by the discharging. The x-ray tube is a demountable triode with a trigger electrode, and the turbomolecular pump evacuates air from the tube with a pressure of approximately 1 mPa. Target evaporation leads to the formation of weakly ionized linear plasma, consisting of copper ions and electrons, around the fine target, and intense Kα rays are produced using a 10-µm-thick nickel filter. At a charging voltage of 50 kV, the maximum tube voltage is almost equal to the charging voltage of the main condenser, and the peak current is about 15 kA. When the charging voltage is increased, the linear plasma forms, and the copper Kα intensities substantially increase. The Kα lines are quite clean and intense, and hardly any bremsstrahlung rays are detected at all. The x-ray pulse widths are approximately 700 ns, and the time-integrated x-ray intensity has a value of approximately 20 µC/kg at 1.0 m from the x-ray source with a charging voltage of 50 kV.
© (2005) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Eiichi Sato, Eiichi Sato, Etsuro Tanaka, Etsuro Tanaka, Hidezo Mori, Hidezo Mori, Toshiaki Kawai, Toshiaki Kawai, Shigehiro Sato, Shigehiro Sato, Kazuyoshi Takayama, Kazuyoshi Takayama, "Clean monochromatic x-ray irradiation from weakly ionized linear copper plasma," Optical Engineering 44(4), 049002 (1 April 2005). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.1882373 . Submission:

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