1 February 2006 Ultracompact and large-scale power splitters on silicon-based two-dimensional photonic crystals at near-infrared wavelengths
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Abstract
An optical power splitter with one input and three output ports is proposed and demonstrated for near-infrared applications in the wavelength range of 2.3 to 2.5 µm. The device operates on the principle of directional coupling by introducing photonic crystal line-defect waveguides. Its functionality and performance have been numerically investigated and simulated by the finite-difference time-domain method. By cascading two 1×3-structure power splitters, a large-scale optical power splitter with one input and five output ports is achieved. The simulated results show that the 1×5 large-scale power splitter can also perform 1×2, 1×3, and 1×4 functions. The required optical power from each of the output waveguides can be easily controlled by adjusting the coupling length of interaction for photonic crystal line-defect waveguides. The total length of the 1×5 power splitter is 40 µm, which is significantly less than that of the conventional non-photonic-crystal power splitter. This is a promising device for future ultracompact and large-scale nanophotonic integrated circuits.
© (2006) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Yuzhou Zhao, Yuzhou Zhao, Yao Zhang, Yao Zhang, Baojun Li, Baojun Li, Bharat S. Chaudhari, Bharat S. Chaudhari, Soo Jin Chua, Soo Jin Chua, } "Ultracompact and large-scale power splitters on silicon-based two-dimensional photonic crystals at near-infrared wavelengths," Optical Engineering 45(2), 024601 (1 February 2006). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.2166850 . Submission:
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