1 August 2006 Microstructure- and composition-related characteristics of LaF3 thin films at 193 nm
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Optical Engineering, 45(8), 083801 (2006). doi:10.1117/1.2227001
The characteristics of lanthanum fluoride (LaF3) thin films deposited with a resistive heating (RH) boat and by e-beam gun evaporation at different substrate temperatures have been studied. The characteristics of the deposited films, including optical properties, stress, and laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT), were related to the microstructure as well as the stoichiometry of the film. The films exhibit obvious different characteristics between these two processes at various substrate temperatures. It was found that optical properties, stress, and LIDT were affected by the microstructure and composition of the films. To obtain a high value of the LIDT and good optical properties, LaF3 thin films should be deposited by the RH process at a substrate temperature of 300 °C.
Ming-Chung Liu, Cheng-Chung Lee, Masaaki Kaneko, Kazuhide Nakahira, Yuuichi Takano, "Microstructure- and composition-related characteristics of LaF3 thin films at 193 nm," Optical Engineering 45(8), 083801 (1 August 2006). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.2227001

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