1 August 2006 Free-space optical wavelength diversity scheme for fog mitigation in a ground-to-unmanned-aerial-vehicle communications link
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Abstract
Atmospheric weather conditions adversely affect the performance of free-space optical communications systems. Fog present in the atmosphere has the largest impact on free-space optical systems. We use simulation techniques to investigate the performance of a slant-path, wavelength-diversified free-space optical link between a ground station and an unmanned aerial vehicle in the presence of radiation fog. The free-space optical link is configured to operate using the simultaneous transmission of three wavelengths, 0.85, 1.55, and 10 µm, connecting a ground station to an unmanned aerial vehicle operating at either a 4- or 8-km altitude. The link is further analyzed by combining the multiple carrier wavelengths into either an equal-gain diversity scheme or a selective diversity scheme. The simulation results are obtained using ALTM and PcModWin simulation software from Ontar Corporation. The results obtained demonstrate that the use of either an equal-gain diversity scheme or a selective diversity scheme enables the deployment of a ground-to-air free-space optical communications link. Furthermore, a selective diversity scheme demonstrates a received power approximately three times greater than an equal-gain diversity scheme.
© (2006) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Alan Harris, Alan Harris, James J. Sluss, James J. Sluss, Hazem Hejjo Refai, Hazem Hejjo Refai, Peter G. LoPresti, Peter G. LoPresti, } "Free-space optical wavelength diversity scheme for fog mitigation in a ground-to-unmanned-aerial-vehicle communications link," Optical Engineering 45(8), 086001 (1 August 2006). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.2338565 . Submission:
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