1 March 2008 Ad hoc cell-split algorithm of vector quantization with emphasis on regions-of-interest blocks
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Abstract
In the traditional vector quantization (VQ) encoding procedure, the quality of all parts of the image is evenly distributed. The code words selected for encoding depend on the complexity of the image and quality requirements. However, VQ cannot be used to enhance the quality of only the regions of interest (ROI). Therefore, an improved weighted cell-split algorithm based on weighted ROI blocks is proposed to train a code book to generate improved code words with emphasis on the ROI blocks. Furthermore, code words can be manipulated to allow the user to define the percentage of ROI emphasis. Experimental results show that the image quality of ROIs is significantly improved by more than 1 dB peak signal-to-noise ratio. Moreover, the improved cell-split algorithm can be easily integrated into the traditional VQ coding procedure since only the contents of the code book are modified. The algorithm can be applied to medical images where the integrity of the ROI blocks is important.
Tian-Shing Wang, Tung-Shou Chen, Jeanne Chen, "Ad hoc cell-split algorithm of vector quantization with emphasis on regions-of-interest blocks," Optical Engineering 47(3), 037006 (1 March 2008). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.2899145
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