1 March 2008 Digital image computation of scenes during daytime fog
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Optical Engineering, 47(3), 037401 (2008). doi:10.1117/1.2891310
Abstract
A model for digital image computation of a driving scene during daytime fog has been implemented in order to evaluate targets' visibility. Using a semi-Monte Carlo method to solve the radiative transfer equation inside fog, we establish a physically based rendering with an accurate lighting simulation. The fog is modeled as a layer of water droplets described by a Deirmendjian size distribution, and the scattering properties of each droplet are computed using Mie theory. The boundary conditions are sky luminance and sun illuminance on top of the fog layer, and a bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) model derived from measurements on road samples. The veiling luminance inside the layer in all directions and for several altitudes is computed and allows us to evaluate the attenuation of every surface existing in the scene. As an example, the visibility of a Lambertian reflective silhouette is given.
Mohamed Benjamaa, Claude Rozé, Thierry Girasole, Jean-Louis P. Meyzonnette, Christophe Lavergne, "Digital image computation of scenes during daytime fog," Optical Engineering 47(3), 037401 (1 March 2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.2891310
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KEYWORDS
Fiber optic gyroscopes

Visibility

Visibility through fog

Roads

Sensors

Digital imaging

Light scattering

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