1 January 2010 Silicon-photonics-based wideband radar beamforming: basic design
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Optical Engineering, 49(1), 018201 (2010). doi:10.1117/1.3280286
Proposed is silicon-photonics-based phased array antenna beamforming for high-resolution long-range radars with wide instantaneous radio frequency (rf) bandwidth. Specifically, the proposed silicon-photonics beamformer platform offers the potential for cost-effective monolithic chip-scale integration of photonic delay lines, 2×2 optical switches, variable optical attenuators, and optical amplifiers that form the base unit of a rf transmit/receive array signal processor. In effect, the proposed silicon-photonics devices empower the design of a powerful proposed photonic beamformer with one time-delay unit per antenna element. Device-level designs studies are shown that promise meeting the high-resolution radar mission-critical requirements via time delays of up to 2.5 ns, switching times of less than 100 ns, optical isolations as good as 50 dB, and optical gains of up to 6 dB. Longer delays are achieved off chip using optical fibers.
Sasan Fathpour, Nabeel A. Riza, "Silicon-photonics-based wideband radar beamforming: basic design," Optical Engineering 49(1), 018201 (1 January 2010). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3280286

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