1 February 2010 Incoming inclination factor for scalar imaging theory
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The conventional scalar imaging theories that are represented in the Fresnel-Kirchhoff diffraction formula or the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld diffraction formulae involve contradictions. By introducing incoming inclination factors not only for the diffraction surface but also for the image plane, we propose a new equation that fulfills both the self-consistency and the reciprocity theorem. We also confirm the validity of this new equation by both theoretical discussions and numerical calculations.
© (2010) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Akira Takada, Akira Takada, Masato Shibuya, Masato Shibuya, Takahiro Saitoh, Takahiro Saitoh, Akira Nishikata, Akira Nishikata, Kazuhisa Maehara, Kazuhisa Maehara, Suezou Nakadate, Suezou Nakadate, } "Incoming inclination factor for scalar imaging theory," Optical Engineering 49(2), 023202 (1 February 2010). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3319813 . Submission:

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