4 December 2012 Evaluation of intensified image enhancement through conspicuity and triangle orientation discrimination measures
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Abstract
For many military operations, situational awareness is of great importance. During night conditions, this situational awareness can be improved using both analog and digital image-intensified cameras. The quality of image intensifiers is a topic of interest. One of the differences between a digital and analog system is noise behavior. For digital image intensifiers, the noise behavior is not as good as for analog image intensifiers, but it can be improved using noise-reduction techniques. In this paper, the improvement using temporal noise reduction and local adaptive contrast enhancement is shown and quantitatively evaluated by subjective measurement of the conspicuity and triangle orientation discrimination (TOD). The results of the conspicuity and TOD experiments are consistent with each other. The highest improvement is found for a low-clutter environment; for medium- and high-clutter environments, the improvement is less. This can be explained by the fact that image enhancement increases contrast of all image details, irrespective of whether they are targets or clutter. For low-clutter image enhancement, target conspicuity and target detection improvement will be largest, since there are not many distracting elements.
© 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Judith Dijk, Adam W. M van Eekeren, Alexander Toet, Richard J. den Hollander, Klamer Schutte, Ad W. P. van Heijningen, Piet Bijl, "Evaluation of intensified image enhancement through conspicuity and triangle orientation discrimination measures," Optical Engineering 52(4), 041105 (4 December 2012). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.52.4.041105 . Submission:
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