10 April 2014 X-ray diffraction efficiency of bent GaAs mosaic crystals for the Laue project
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In a Laue lens made of single crystals oriented to diffract parallel x-rays at the lens focus, the energy and angular resolution are limited by the crystal size and by the crystal mosaicity. The use of extended crystals bent according to the lens curvature provides better focusing, with the resolution given essentially by the crystal mosaicity. With this approach, a crystal mosaicity as low as 15–25 arcsec, well below the mosaicity value of copper crystals, was found suitable for the new design of the Laue lens. The reflectivity and transmission profiles and the integrated intensity have been measured in flat and bent GaAs and Si crystals prepared by the method of surface damaging by using sandpaper of different grain size. The surface grinding induces a local lattice strain which produces a self-standing bent crystal. Bent crystals with radius of curvature lower than a critical value given by the extinction length behave as ideal mosaic crystals, maximizing the diffraction efficiency at high x-ray energies. It is found that the surface grinding does not affect the crystal diffraction efficiency, the damage thickness being limited to a few tens microns near the crystal surface.
© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Claudio Ferrari, Claudio Ferrari, Elisa Buffagni, Elisa Buffagni, Elisa Bonnini, Elisa Bonnini, Andrea Zappettini, Andrea Zappettini, } "X-ray diffraction efficiency of bent GaAs mosaic crystals for the Laue project," Optical Engineering 53(4), 047104 (10 April 2014). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.53.4.047104 . Submission:

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