16 May 2014 Tunable liquid iris actuated using electrowetting effect
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Abstract
A configuration for a tunable liquid iris, which consists simply of two immiscible liquids and two flat indium tin oxide (ITO) glass substrates, is proposed. The two immiscible liquids are transparent salt solution and opaque oil, respectively. The top ITO electrode was precoated with a 2-μm-thick polydimethylsiloxane film as the dielectric layer, while the surface of the bottom electrode was specially treated using ultraviolet irradiation to define specific hydrophilic regions. The iris aperture’s diameter could easily be regulated by varying the direct current bias voltages between the two electrodes. Results show that the aperture diameter can be continuously varied from 1.5 mm at the voltage-off state to 3.5 mm at a bias of 350 V. This liquid iris takes the advantages of low fabrication cost, fast response time, low-power consumption, and easy reversibility without the need of any mechanical movable parts.
© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Cheng-Chian Yu, Cheng-Chian Yu, Jeng-Rong Ho, Jeng-Rong Ho, J.W. John Cheng, J.W. John Cheng, } "Tunable liquid iris actuated using electrowetting effect," Optical Engineering 53(5), 057106 (16 May 2014). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.53.5.057106 . Submission:
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