12 October 2015 Study on the roughness evolution of optical surfaces during ion beam sputtering
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Abstract
Ion beam machining technology has been extensively adopted to obtain an ultraprecision surface in ultraviolet lithography optics. However, there exist complex mechanisms leading the surface to evolve complicated topographies and increasing roughness. We build a kinetic model integrating with the typical sputter theory and a bond-counting Monte Carlo algorithm based on the compound materials to investigate the surface roughness evolution during ion beam sputtering. The influences of primary sputter, reflection, secondary sputter, geometrical shadowing, redeposition, and thermal diffusion were all taken into consideration to compose a dynamic evolution process. In calculation, using this model the surface first possesses a period of smoothing and then goes into a roughening stage, where the roughness follows the regular power law. Quantitative analyses of surface roughness derived from calculations are also examined and compared with experiments.
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Xiao Liang, Xiao Liang, Xiang Wang, Xiang Wang, Yong-Qiang Gu, Yong-Qiang Gu, Jin-Jin Zheng, Jin-Jin Zheng, Huai-Jiang Yang, Huai-Jiang Yang, Yong-Xin Sui, Yong-Xin Sui, } "Study on the roughness evolution of optical surfaces during ion beam sputtering," Optical Engineering 54(10), 104105 (12 October 2015). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.54.10.104105 . Submission:
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