12 October 2015 Modal reduction in single crystal sapphire optical fiber
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A type of single crystal sapphire optical fiber (SCSF) design is proposed to reduce the number of guided modes via a highly dispersive cladding with a periodic array of high- and low-index regions in the azimuthal direction. The structure retains a “core” region of pure single crystal (SC) sapphire in the center of the fiber and a “cladding” region of alternating layers of air and SC sapphire in the azimuthal direction that is uniform in the radial direction. The modal characteristics and confinement losses of the fundamental mode were analyzed via the finite element method by varying the effective core diameter and the dimensions of the “windmill”-shaped cladding. The simulation results showed that the number of guided modes was significantly reduced in the windmill fiber design, as the radial dimension of the air and SC sapphire cladding regions increase with corresponding decrease in the azimuthal dimension. It is anticipated that the windmill SCSF will readily improve the performance of current fiber optic sensors in the harsh environment and potentially enable those that were limited by the extremely large modal volume of unclad SCSF.
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Yujie Cheng, Yujie Cheng, Cary Hill, Cary Hill, Bo Liu, Bo Liu, Zhihao Yu, Zhihao Yu, Haifeng Xuan, Haifeng Xuan, Daniel Homa, Daniel Homa, Anbo Wang, Anbo Wang, Gary Pickrell, Gary Pickrell, } "Modal reduction in single crystal sapphire optical fiber," Optical Engineering 54(10), 107103 (12 October 2015). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.54.10.107103 . Submission:

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