18 December 2015 Effects of macro-bending on 1500-nm amplified spontaneous emission, gain, and noise figure of erbium-gallium co-doped fiber
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Abstract
The relationships among macro-bending loss, power of the 1500-nm amplified spontaneous emission (ASE), gain, and noise figure of an erbium-gallium co-doped silica fiber amplifier are investigated and explained. The dependence of macro-bending loss on different bending radii is examined. Using different fiber lengths and bending radii, the effects of macro-bending on ASE, gain, and noise figure are analyzed in comparison to an unbent fiber. The ASE power changes because macro-bending alters the number of Er3+ ions in the 4I13/2 level that decay to the 4I15/2 level emitting photons of shorter and longer wavelengths. The trade-off relationship that exists between the change in the ASE power and signal loss, where both result from macro-bending, explains the gain change. Fiber length also affects the changes in the ASE power and gain. Noise figure in the longer-wavelength region increases. In the shorter-wavelength region, for a long fiber, the noise figure improves only slightly. For a short fiber, it worsens due to gain decrement. The findings from this study explain the reason for gain improvement upon suppressing either a competing or a noncompeting ASE via filters or macro-bending in other rare-earth-doped fibers.
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Leong Chia Jian, Leong Chia Jian, Hairul Azhar Abdul Rashid, Hairul Azhar Abdul Rashid, Mohd Ridzuan Mokhtar, Mohd Ridzuan Mokhtar, } "Effects of macro-bending on 1500-nm amplified spontaneous emission, gain, and noise figure of erbium-gallium co-doped fiber," Optical Engineering 54(12), 126109 (18 December 2015). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.54.12.126109 . Submission:
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