21 August 2015 Terahertz low-loss hollow-core pipe waveguides
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Abstract
A low-loss terahertz (THz) hollow-core pipe waveguide constructed of plastic material is demonstrated. The structure is designed to be especially effective in transmitting THz waves of 110 GHz, which has important applications in communications, imaging, and sensing. Guiding of the electromagnetic wave is based on the principle of antiresonant reflection. Through careful theoretical analyses and systematic modeling and simulation, followed by a thorough experimental investigation, we show that the proposed structure can successfully transmit THz waves with low attenuation. Furthermore, when the structures of the pipe waveguides are varied for optimization, we find that cladding thickness and the refractive index under antiresonant conditions as well as the core diameter are important physical parameters in designing the low-loss THz waveguide. Considering not just attenuation loss but such factors as volume, weight, and flexibility of the tube waveguide, along with other practical issues such as cost, we arrive at an optimal design of the pipe waveguide, which has an inner diameter of 35 mm and cladding thickness of 5 mm. Teflon is chosen as the material for a guiding 110-GHz THz wave. The attenuation constant is determined by the simulation to be as low as 0.0228  m−1. However, due to nonuniformity of the waveguide wall thickness and random small bending of the waveguide, as well as moisture content in the air filling the pipe core, all of which strongly impede propagation in the waveguide, the experimentally measured attenuation loss (3.65  m−1) of the waveguide is much more significant than the theoretical prediction, with the latter serving as a design benchmark under perfect conditions.
© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Min Wang, Min Wang, Ye Yang, Ye Yang, Liyun Xing, Liyun Xing, Yan Zheng, Yan Zheng, Wei Fan, Wei Fan, Wei Hu, Wei Hu, Cheng Yan Jia, Cheng Yan Jia, Jiandong Chen, Jiandong Chen, Jin Zhang, Jin Zhang, Tianying Chang, Tianying Chang, Hong-Liang Cui, Hong-Liang Cui, } "Terahertz low-loss hollow-core pipe waveguides," Optical Engineering 54(8), 085106 (21 August 2015). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.54.8.085106 . Submission:
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