21 December 2016 Silicone rubber-coated highly sensitive optical fiber sensor for temperature measurement
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Abstract
A silicone rubber-coated Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) is proposed and applied to temperature measurement. The MZI is fabricated by splicing single mode fiber between a short section of no-core fiber (NCF) and the ultra-abrupt taper region. The sensing length of MZI is coated with liquid silicone rubber to enhance the temperature sensitivity. Here, NCF is used to excite the higher order cladding mode, the ultra-abrupt taper region acts as a optical fiber coupler, and the silicone rubber coating on sensing length is used as solid cladding material instead of liquid. The enhancement of the sensitivity of a device is due to the high refractive index (1.42) and thermo-optic coefficient ( 1.4 × 10 4 / ° C ) of silicone rubber as compared to liquid cladding temperature sensors. The experiment was performed for both coated and uncoated MZI and the results were compared. The MZI exhibits a high temperature sensitivity of 253.75 and 121.26    pm / ° C for coated and uncoated sensing probes, respectively, in the temperature range from 30°C to 75°C.
Vanita Bhardwaj, Rahul Kumar Gangwar, Vinod Kumar Singh, "Silicone rubber-coated highly sensitive optical fiber sensor for temperature measurement," Optical Engineering 55(12), 126107 (21 December 2016). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.55.12.126107 . Submission: Received: 17 October 2016; Accepted: 28 November 2016
Received: 17 October 2016; Accepted: 28 November 2016; Published: 21 December 2016
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